Céline Gélinas

Céline Gélinas, B.Sc.(N), M.Sc.(N), Ph.D

Researcher, Centre for Nursing Research, Jewish General Hospital.

Project Director, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital.

Associate Professor, Ingram School of Nursing, McGill University.

Co-Director, Quebec Network on Nursing Intervention Research.

Evaluation and Nursing Interventions in Critical Care

Dr. Céline Gélinas joined the staff of the Centre for Nursing Research as a nurse scientist in 2007. Dr. Gélinas is an Associate Professor at the Ingram School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University; a Project Director at the Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research of the Jewish General Hospital; and the Co-Director of the Quebec Network on Nursing Intervention Research (RRISIQ). A Fonds de recherche du Québec - Santé (FRQS) Research Scholar Career Awardee since 2009, Dr. Gélinas leads a research program on pain in critically ill adults in collaboration with scholars from North America and Europe.

Dr. Gélinas' research interests in critical care nursing, pain assessment and management, and measurement build on her past experience as a nurse in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). She has developed and validated pain assessment tools, such as the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) and the Faces Pain Thermometer, which are being used in clinical settings and in research locally and internationally. The CPOT has been translated in more than 15 languages and implemented in hundreds of ICUs worldwide. Dr. Gélinas is currently co-leading a CIHR-funded research team working on validating a new technology, the Nociception Level (NOL) Index, for ICU pain assessment (project grant 2020-2025). Between 2014 and 2018, she headed the pain section of the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM)'s taskforce charged with updating the 2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Pain, Agitation, and Delirium in Adult Patients in the ICU (2018 PADIS Guidelines: www.sccm.org/ICULiberation/Guidelines).

Dr. Gélinas has published widely in scientific journals and textbooks, in addition to sharing her research at local, national, and international conferences. Her contributions to the fields of pain research and critical care nursing have earned her several awards, including the Pioneering Spirit Award of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (2019), the Canadian Pain Society Early Career Award (2014), and the Ordre des infirmières et infirmiers du Québec's Prix Florence – Relève (2004). Dr. Gélinas completed a Master’s Degree in Nursing (2000) and a Doctorate in Nursing and Measurement (2004) at Université Laval in Quebec City, and post-doctoral training (2006) in Nursing at McGill University.

Current Research Projects

Martel, M. O., Choinière, M., Gélinas, C., Guénette, L. A., Page, G., Perreault, M., Roy, M., & Vachon-Presseau, E. Psychological and neurobiological determinants of opioid-related problems and opioid tapering outcomes among patients with chronic pain prescribed long-term opioid therapy.Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) – Project Grant. (2020-2024)

Gélinas, C.,Laporta, D., Amaral, A., Bernard, F., Bérubé, M., Burry, L., Charbonney, E., Choinière, M., Dubé, J. N., Houle, J., Lavoie-Tremblay, M., Milhomme, D., Morin, S., Perreault, M., Purden, M., Rochefort, C., Rose, L., Scales, D., Thiffault, N., Tousignant-Laflamme, Y., Williamson, D. Managing Pain In Collaboration in the ICU (MPIC-ICU): Impact on clinical practices and patient outcomes. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) – Project Grant. (2020-2024)       

Gélinas, C.,Richebé, P., Gallani, M.C. Laporta, D., & Ting Wang, H. Validation of an innovative technology for the assessment of pain in adults in the intensive care unit: The Nociception Level (NOL) Index. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) – Project Grant. (2020-2024)

Gélinas, C.andMartel, M.O. Determinants of chronic pain and prolonged use of opioids in ICU survivors.  Louise and Alan Edwards Foundation (LAEF). (2019-2021)

Gélinas, C.,Bernard, F.,Choinière, M., Houle, J., Morin, S., Perreault, M., Williamson, D. Implantation des meilleures pratiques de gestion de la douleur à l’unité des soins intensifs de traumatologie : Un travail d’équipe. Fonds de la recherche du Québec - Santé (FRQ-S) – Consortium pour le développement de la recherche en traumatologie. (2018-2021)

Gélinas, C. in collaboration with Jessica Emed. OPTimize Opioid MONITORING for adults in acute care hospital settings (OPT-O-Monitoring project). JGH Collaborative, Jewish General Hospital. (2018-2020)

Selected Publications and Articles:

Gélinas, C., Bérubé, M., Puntillo, K. A., Boitor M., Richard-Lalonde, M., Bernard, F., Williams, V., Joffe, A. M., Steiner, C., Marsh, R., Rose, L., Dale, C. M., Tsoller, D. M., Choinière, M., & Streiner, D. L. (2021). Validation of the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool-Neuro for the assessment of pain in brain-injured adults in the intensive care unit: A prospective cohort study. BMC Critical Care, 25, Article 142.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-021-03561-1 

Chanques, G., Constantin, J. M., Devlin, J. W., Ely, E. W., Fraser, G. L., Gélinas, C., Girard, T. D., Guérin, C., Jabaudon, M., Jaber, S., Mehta, S., Langer, T., Murray, M. J., Pandharipande, P., Patel, B., Payen, J. F., Puntillo, K., Rochwerg, B., Shehabi, Y.,...  Kress, J. P. (Epub ahead of print 2020). Analgesia and sedation in patients with ARDS. Intensive Care Medicine.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-020-06307-9

Sneyers, B., Duceppe, M. A., Fréchette, A. J., Burry, L. D., Rico, P., Lavoie, A., Gélinas, C., Mehta, S., Dagenais, M., Williamson, D. R., & Perreault, M. M. (2020). Strategies for the prevention and treatment of iatrogenic withdrawal from opioids and benzodiazepines in critically ill neonates, children and adults: A systematic review of clinical studies. Drugs, 80(12), 1211–1233.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40265-020-01338-4

Wheeler, K., Grilli, R., Centofanti, J. C., Martin, J., Gélinas, C., Szumita, P. M., Devlin, J. W., Chanques, G., Alhazzani, W., Skrobik, Y., Kho, M. E., Nunnally, M. E., Gagarine, A., Ergan, B. A., Fernando, S., Price, C., Lewin, J., & Rochwerg, B. (2020). Adjuvant analgesic use in the critically ill: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Critical Care Explorations, 2(7), e0157.  https://doi.org/10.1097/CCE.0000000000000157

Rudy, L., Maheu, C., Körner, A., Lebel, S., & Gélinas, C. (2020). The FCR-1: Initial validation of a single-item measure of fear of cancer recurrence. Psycho-Oncology, 29(4), 788-795.  https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.5350

Poirier, C., Martel, M. O., Bérubé, M., Boulanger, A., Gélinas, C., Guénette, L., Lacasse, A., Lussier, D., Tousignant-Laflamme, Y., & Pagé, M. G. (2020). French-Canadian translation of a self-report questionnaire to monitor opioid therapy for chronic pain: The Opioid Compliance Checklist (OCC-FC). Canadian Journal of Pain, 4(1), 59-66.  https://doi.org/10.1080/24740527.2020.1724777

Richard-Lalonde, M., Gélinas, C., Boitor, M., Gosselin, É., Feeley, N., Cossette, S., & Chlan, L. L. (2020). The effect of music on pain in the adult intensive care unit: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 59(6), 1304-1319.e6.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.12.359

Shahiri, T. S., Richard-Lalonde, M., Richebé, P., & Gélinas, C. (2020). Exploration of the Nociception Level (NOL)TM Index for pain assessment during endotracheal suctioning in mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit: An observational and feasibility study. Pain Management Nursing, 21(5), 428-434.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2020.02.067

Richard-Lalonde, M., Bérubé, M., Williams, V., Bernard, F., Tsoller, D., & Gélinas, C. (2019). Nurses’ evaluations of the feasibility and clinical utility of the use of the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool-Neuro in critically ill brain-injured patients. Science of Nursing and Health Practices2(2), Article 2.  https://doi.org/10.31770/2561-7516.1045

Gélinas, C. (2019). Symposium Editor: Pain management challenges in acute and critically ill patients. AACN Advanced Critical Care30(4), 318-319.  https://doi.org/10.4037/aacnacc2019132 

Gélinas, C., Joffe, A. M., Szumita, P. M., Payen, J.-F., Bérubé, M., Shahiri T. S., Boitor, M., Chanques, G., & Puntillo, K. A. (2019). A psychometric analysis update of behavioral pain assessment tools for noncommunicative, critically ill adults. AACN Advanced Critical Care30(4), 365-387.  https://doi.org/10.4037/aacnacc2019952

Boitor, M., Richard-Lalonde, M., Bérubé, M., Gosselin, É., & Gélinas, C. (2019). Vital signs fluctuations and their relationship with pain in the brain-injured adult critically ill- A repeated-measures descriptive-correlational study. Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, 55, Article 102743. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2019.07.002

Gosselin, É., Lavoie, S., Bourgault, P., & Gélinas, C. (2019). Intervention for patients intubated and conscious to decrease peritraumatic distress (IPIC-PTD) - Preliminary results. Canadian Journal of Critical Care Nursing, 30(1), 32-42.

Herr, K., Coyne, P. J., Ely, E., Gélinas, C., & Manworren, R. C. B. (2019). Pain assessment in the patient unable to self-report: Clinical practice recommendations in support of the ASPMN 2019 Position Statement. Pain Management Nursing, 20(5), 404-417.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2019.07.005

Herr, K., Coyne, P.J., Ely, E., Gélinas, C., & Manworren, R. C. B. (2019). ASPMN 2019 Position Statement: Pain assessment in the patient unable to self-report. Pain Management Nursing, 20(5), 402-403.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2019.07.007

Capilnean, A., Martone, A., Rosu, V. A., Sandu, P. R., Murgoi, P., Frenette, A. J., Williamson, D., Lecavalier, A., Jayaraman, D., Rico, P., Bellemare, P., Gélinas, C., & Perreault, M. M. (2019). Validation of the Withdrawal Assessment Tool-1 in adult intensive care patients. American Journal of Critical Care, 28(5), 361-369.  https://doi.org/10.4037/ajcc2019559

Tapp, D., Chenacher, S., Gérard, N. P. A., Bérubé-Mercier, P., Gélinas, C., Douville, F., & Desbiens, J.-F. (2019). Observational pain assessment instruments for use with nonverbal patients at the end-of-life: A systematic review. Palliative Care, 34(4), 255-266.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0825859718816073

Boitor, M., Martorella, G., Maheu, C., Laizner, A. M., & Gélinas, C. (2019). Does hand massage have sustained effects on pain intensity and pain-related interference in the cardiac surgery critically ill? - A randomized controlled trial. Pain Management Nursing, 20(6), 572-579 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2019.02.011

Bérubé, M., Gélinas, C., Feeley, N., Martorella, G., Côté, J., Laflamme, G. Y., Rouleau, D., & Choinière, M. (2019). Feasibility of a hybrid web-based and in-person self-management intervention aimed at preventing acute to chronic pain transition after major lower extremity trauma (iPACT-E-Trauma): A pilot randomized controlled trial. Pain Medicine, 20(10), 2018-2032.  https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnz008

Gélinas, C., Boitor, M., Puntillo, K. A., Arbour, C., Topolovec-Vranic, J., Cusimano, M. D., Choinière, M., & Streiner, D. L. (2019). Behaviors indicative of pain in brain-injured adult patients with different levels of consciousness in the intensive care unit. Journal of Pain & Symptom Management, 57(4), 761-773.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2018.12.333

Duceppe, M. A., Perreault, M. M., Frenette, A. J., Burry, L. D., Lavoie, A., Gélinas, C., Meeta, S., Dagenais, M., & Williamson, D. R. (2019). Frequency, risk factors and symptomatology of iatrogenic withdrawal from opioids and benzodiazepines in critically ill neonates, children, and adults: A systematic review of clinical studies. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 44(2), 148-156 https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpt.12787 

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